What are the drivers of temporal overexploitation of natural resources?


Nature’s decline and recovery — Structural change, regulatory costs, and the onset of resource use regulation in „Journal of Environmental Economics and Management“ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2024.102947

Many renewable natural resources have been extracted beyond sustainable levels. While some resource stocks have recovered, others are still overextracted, causing substantial economic losses. This paper develops a model motivated by empirical facts about resource use and regulation to understand these patterns. The model is a dynamic model of a dual economy with technological progress, structural change, and costly resource regulation. Based on this model, we show that technological progress explains the initial increase in resource use. Technological progress also induces structural change and a decline in resource users. While the declining number of resource users does not directly lead to resource recovery, it does reduce regulatory costs, paving the way for resource regulation and recovery. Our results show that, although technological progress can contribute to resource degradation, it also helps resource recovery through reduced regulatory costs. Our results suggest further that a temporal use beyond sustainable levels can be socially optimal until regulatory costs fall below the benefits of regulation.

Event information:

The paper will be presented by Prof. Dr. Marie Catherine Riekhof on the 07.05.2024 at the Blue Justice Webinar Series at 11 am.

Further information on the event and registration can be found here: https://www.umr-amure.fr/axe-b/?lang=en#webinar-blue-justice


Prof. Dr. Marie-Catherine Riekhof
Center for Ocean and Society
Neufeldtstr. 10, D-24118 Kiel

+49 431 880 6596